Four “castes” of a termite colony:
Worker : approximately one-forth of an inch long, light colored, wingless;
Soldier : elongated head with mandibles;
Supplementary Reproductives : wingless or very short, non-functional wings; light colored;
Primary Reproductives : winged, and darker than other members; caste most often seen by homeowners.
Live in colonies underground, from which they build tunnels in search of food; able to reach food above the level of the ground by building mud tubes; dependent on moisture for survival. Their main diet consists of Wood and other cellulose material.
Different rates of growth from egg stage to adult depend on individual species; one queen per colony, which can lay tens of thousands of eggs in her lifetime, but most eggs are laid by supplementary reproductives in an established colony.
Additional Information :
Termites rarely expose themselves to light. They Cause more damage to homes in U.S. than storms and fire combined. Termite Colonies can contain up to 1,000,000 members. Termites will sometimes eat away the wooden structures in a house leaving the paint work intact.